This third edition has been update to take account of new vocabulary and recent developments in Chinese and English. New words and phrases reflect scientific and technical innovations, particular in the areas of information technology and telecommunications, as well as changes in politics, economics,culture,and society. Designed to meet the needs of w wide range of users, from the student at intermediate level and above to the enthusiastic traveller and business professional,this dictionary is an essential,easy-to-use,and authoritative reference tool for all Chinese-speaking learners of English and English-speaking learners of Chinese. Over 220,000 words, phrases, and translations. Simplified characters with orthodox characters for reference. Pinyin romanizations and Mandarin pronunciation shown throughout.